Reducing Readmissions in Patients With Both Heart Failure and COPD

Ravi Kalhan, R Kannan Mutharasan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with both COPD and heart failure (HF) pose particularly high costs to the health-care system. These diseases arise from similar root causes, have overlapping symptoms, and share similar clinical courses. Because of these strong parallels, strategies to reduce readmissions in patients with both conditions share synergies. Here we present 10 practical tips to reduce readmissions in this challenging population: (1) diagnose the population accurately, (2) detect admissions for exacerbations early and consider risk stratification, (3) use specialist management in hospital, (4) modify the underlying disease substrate, (5) apply and intensify evidence-based therapies, (6) activate the patient and develop critical health behaviors, (7) setup feedback loops, (8) arrange an early follow-up appointment prior to discharge, (9) consider and address other comorbidities, and (10) consider ancillary support services at home. The multidisciplinary care teams needed to support these care models pose expense to the health-care system. Although these costs may more easily be recouped under financial models such as accountable care organizations and bundled payments, the opportunity cost of an admission for COPD or HF may represent an underrecognized financial lever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1230-1238
Number of pages9
JournalCHEST
Volume154
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

Patient Readmission
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Heart Failure
Costs and Cost Analysis
Accountable Care Organizations
Delivery of Health Care
Health Behavior
Population
Comorbidity
Appointments and Schedules
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • COPD
  • heart failure
  • readmissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Reducing Readmissions in Patients With Both Heart Failure and COPD",
abstract = "Patients with both COPD and heart failure (HF) pose particularly high costs to the health-care system. These diseases arise from similar root causes, have overlapping symptoms, and share similar clinical courses. Because of these strong parallels, strategies to reduce readmissions in patients with both conditions share synergies. Here we present 10 practical tips to reduce readmissions in this challenging population: (1) diagnose the population accurately, (2) detect admissions for exacerbations early and consider risk stratification, (3) use specialist management in hospital, (4) modify the underlying disease substrate, (5) apply and intensify evidence-based therapies, (6) activate the patient and develop critical health behaviors, (7) setup feedback loops, (8) arrange an early follow-up appointment prior to discharge, (9) consider and address other comorbidities, and (10) consider ancillary support services at home. The multidisciplinary care teams needed to support these care models pose expense to the health-care system. Although these costs may more easily be recouped under financial models such as accountable care organizations and bundled payments, the opportunity cost of an admission for COPD or HF may represent an underrecognized financial lever.",
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Reducing Readmissions in Patients With Both Heart Failure and COPD. / Kalhan, Ravi; Mutharasan, R Kannan.

In: CHEST, Vol. 154, No. 5, 01.11.2018, p. 1230-1238.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

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AU - Mutharasan, R Kannan

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Patients with both COPD and heart failure (HF) pose particularly high costs to the health-care system. These diseases arise from similar root causes, have overlapping symptoms, and share similar clinical courses. Because of these strong parallels, strategies to reduce readmissions in patients with both conditions share synergies. Here we present 10 practical tips to reduce readmissions in this challenging population: (1) diagnose the population accurately, (2) detect admissions for exacerbations early and consider risk stratification, (3) use specialist management in hospital, (4) modify the underlying disease substrate, (5) apply and intensify evidence-based therapies, (6) activate the patient and develop critical health behaviors, (7) setup feedback loops, (8) arrange an early follow-up appointment prior to discharge, (9) consider and address other comorbidities, and (10) consider ancillary support services at home. The multidisciplinary care teams needed to support these care models pose expense to the health-care system. Although these costs may more easily be recouped under financial models such as accountable care organizations and bundled payments, the opportunity cost of an admission for COPD or HF may represent an underrecognized financial lever.

AB - Patients with both COPD and heart failure (HF) pose particularly high costs to the health-care system. These diseases arise from similar root causes, have overlapping symptoms, and share similar clinical courses. Because of these strong parallels, strategies to reduce readmissions in patients with both conditions share synergies. Here we present 10 practical tips to reduce readmissions in this challenging population: (1) diagnose the population accurately, (2) detect admissions for exacerbations early and consider risk stratification, (3) use specialist management in hospital, (4) modify the underlying disease substrate, (5) apply and intensify evidence-based therapies, (6) activate the patient and develop critical health behaviors, (7) setup feedback loops, (8) arrange an early follow-up appointment prior to discharge, (9) consider and address other comorbidities, and (10) consider ancillary support services at home. The multidisciplinary care teams needed to support these care models pose expense to the health-care system. Although these costs may more easily be recouped under financial models such as accountable care organizations and bundled payments, the opportunity cost of an admission for COPD or HF may represent an underrecognized financial lever.

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