Reducing the use of highly enriched uranium in civilian research reactors

Julia M. Phillips, Pablo Adelfang, Gerald Gabrielse, Alexander Glaser, David W. Johnson, Patrick Lemoine, William R. Martin, Roger Pynn, William H. Tobey, Paul P.H. Wilson, Pavel Podvig, Jennifer Heimberg, Darlene Gros, Michael L. Michael, Toni Greenleaf, Robert C. Dynes, Barbara J. McNeil,, David J. Brenner, Margaret S.Y. Chu, Carol M. JantzenTissa H. Illangasekare, Martha S. Linet, Fred A. Mettler, Nancy Jo Nicholas, Daniel O. Stram, Sergey Vladimirovich Yudintsev, Committee on the Current Status of and Progress Toward Eliminating Highly Enriched Uranium Use in Fuel for Civilian Research and Test Reactors, Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Research output: Book/ReportBook

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The continued presence of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in civilian installations such as research reactors poses a threat to national and international security. Minimization, and ultimately elimination, of HEU in civilian research reactors worldwide has been a goal of U.S. policy and programs since 1978. Today, 74 civilian research reactors around the world, including 8 in the United States, use or are planning to use HEU fuel. Since the last National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report on this topic in 2009, 28 reactors have been either shut down or converted from HEU to low enriched uranium fuel. Despite this progress, the large number of remaining HEU-fueled reactors demonstrates that an HEU minimization program continues to be needed on a worldwide scale. Reducing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Research Reactors assesses the status of and progress toward eliminating the worldwide use of HEU fuel in civilian research and test reactors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherNational Academies Press
Number of pages204
ISBN (Print)0309379180, 9780309379182
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Phillips, J. M., Adelfang, P., Gabrielse, G., Glaser, A., Johnson, D. W., Lemoine, P., Martin, W. R., Pynn, R., Tobey, W. H., Wilson, P. P. H., Podvig, P., Heimberg, J., Gros, D., Michael, M. L., Greenleaf, T., Dynes, R. C., McNeil, B. J., Brenner, D. J., Chu, M. S. Y., ... National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2016). Reducing the use of highly enriched uranium in civilian research reactors. National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/21818