Reduction by intracellular calcium chelation of acetylcholine secretion without occluding the effects of adenosine at frog motor nerve endings

J. M. Hunt, R. S. Redman, E. M. Silinsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The calcium chelators bis‐(aminophenoxy)ethane‐tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) or dimethyl‐BAPTA (DMBAPTA) were introduced into the cytoplasm of frog motor nerve endings by use of the AM loading technique. The effects of intracellular Ca2+ chelation were studied on quantal acetylcholine (ACh) release and on the action of adenosine. Intracellular BAPTA or DMBAPTA prevented the increases in quantal ACh secretion normally evoked by caffeine. Intracellular DMBAPTA decreased the number of ACh quanta released by individual nerve impulses and virtually eliminated the fast phase of facilitation in response to paired nerve impulses. Adenosine reduced both spontaneous and evoked secretion of ACh quanta with its usual potency and efficacy in the presence of intracellular DMBAPTA. Adenosine had no significant effect on facilitation. The results, which suggest that adenosine and intracellular DMBAPTA reduce ACh secretion by different mechanisms, are consistent with the hypothesis that adenosine inhibits ACh release by reducing the ability of Ca2+ to promote ACh secretion from frog motor nerve endings. 1994 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-758
Number of pages6
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

Keywords

  • BAPTA
  • DMBAPTA
  • Neurotransmitter release
  • adenosine
  • calcium
  • frog neuromuscular junction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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