## Abstract

The linear theory for water waves impinging obliquely on a vertically sided porous structure is examined. For normal wave incidence, the reflection and transmission from a porous breakwater has been studied many times using eigenfunction expansions in the water region in front of the structure, within the porous medium, and behind the structure in the down-wave water region. For oblique wave incidence, the reflection and transmission coefficients are significantly altered and they are calculated here. Using a plane-wave assumption, which involves neglecting the evanescent eigenmodes that exist near the structure boundaries (to satisfy matching conditions), the problem can be reduced from a matrix problem to one which is analytic. The plane-wave approximation provides an adequate solution for the case where the damping within the structure is not too great. An important parameter in this problem is ɼ_{2}= ω2h(s — if)/g, where (o is the wave angular frequency, h the constant water depth, g the acceleration due to gravity, and ƒ are parameters describing the porous medium. As the friction in the porous medium, ƒ, becomes non-zero, the eigenfunctions differ from those in the fluid regions, largely owing to the change in the modal wavenumbers, which depend on ƒ"_{2}. For an infinite number of values of ɼ_{2}, there are no eigenfunction expansions in the porous medium, owing to the coalescence of two of the wavenumbers. These cases are shown to result in a non-separable mathematical problem and the appropriate wave modes are determined. As the two wavenumbers approach the critical value of ɼ_{2}, it is shown that the wave modes can swap their identity.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 625-644 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Journal | Journal of fluid Mechanics |

Volume | 224 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Mar 1991 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering