Craniofacial variables for modern and prehistoric Japanese were subjected to multivariate analysis to test the relationships of the people of Japan with mainland Asian and Oceanic samples. The modern Japanese are tied to Koreans, Chinese, Southeast Asians, and the Yayoi rice agriculturalists who entered Japan in 300 B.C. Together they make up a Mainland‐Asia cluster of related populations. The prehistoric Jømon foragers, the original inhabitants of the Japanese archipelago, are the direct ancestors of the modern Ainu, who made a recognizable contribution to the warrior class—the Samurai—of feudal Japan. Together, they are associated with Polynesians and Micronesians in a Jømon‐Pacific cluster of related populations. Jømon‐to‐Ainu tooth size reduction proceeded at the same rate as that observable in the post‐Pleistocene elsewhere in the Old World.
- Craniofacial form
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