Regional perfusion parameters from pulmonary microfocal angiograms

Anne V. Clough*, John H. Linehan, Christopher A. Dawson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


An indicator-dilution model was developed to describe transport of vascular contrast medium through an organ during acquisition of vascular dynamic contrast images. The model provides the theoretical basis for methods of determining regional blood flow, blood volume, and mean transit time from time-absorbance curves acquired from the images of tissue regions of interest (ROI) distal from the inlet site. The robustness of these methods was evaluated using a computer-simulated vessel network, which simulated the passage of a bolus of contrast medium through arterioles, networks of capillaries, and venules. The network was used to evaluate the reliability of ROI parameter estimation methods when the underlying model assumptions are violated. The shape of the ROI inlet concentration curve and moderate amounts of random noise did not affect the ability of the method to recover accurate parameter estimates. The estimates of ROI flow and transit time were degraded in the presence of significant dispersion of the inlet concentration curve as it traveled through arteries upstream from the microvascular ROI or when the flow was redistributed within the ROI. The estimates of ROI volume were relatively robust. The method was applied to image data of the dog pulmonary vasculature obtained using microfocal X-ray angiography to show that the results obtained from the simulations are consistent with actual data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1537-H1548
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number3 41-3
StatePublished - Mar 1997


  • angiography
  • functional imaging
  • indicator dilution
  • mean transit time
  • microcirculation
  • pulmonary circulation
  • regional flow
  • residue detection
  • vascular volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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