Regulated in Development and DNA Damage Responses 1 Prevents Dermal Adipocyte Differentiation and Is Required for Hair Cycle–Dependent Dermal Adipose Expansion

Guillermo C. Rivera-Gonzalez, Anna Klopot, Kaitlyn Sabin, Gleb Baida, Valerie Horsley, Irina Budunova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dermal white adipose tissue (dWAT) expansion is associated with important homeostatic and pathologic processes in skin. Even though mTOR/protein kinase B signaling is important for adipogenesis, the role of regulated development of DNA damage responses 1 (REDD1), a negative regulator of mTOR/protein kinase B, is poorly understood. Loss of REDD1 in mice resulted in reduction of body mass, total fat, size of gonadal white adipose tissue, and interscapular brown adipose tissue. Inguinal subcutaneous white adipose tissue and dWAT in REDD1 knockouts were expanded compared with wild type mice. Size and number of mature adipocytes in dWAT were also increased in adult REDD1 knockouts. This dWAT phenotype was established around postnatal day 18 and did not depend on the hair growth cycle. Numbers of adipocyte precursor cells were lower in REDD1 knockout skin. In vitro analysis revealed increased differentiation of skin-derived REDD1 knockout adipocyte precursor cells as indicated by higher lipid accumulation and increased adipogenic marker expression. 3T3L1 cells overexpressing REDD1 had decreased sensitivity to differentiation. Overall, our findings indicate that REDD1 silencing induced expansion of dWAT through hypertrophy and hyperplasia. This REDD1-dependent mechanism of adipogenesis could be used to preferentially target skin-associated adipose tissue for therapeutic purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1698-1705.e1
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume140
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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