Regulation of Depolarization‐Dependent Release of Neurotransmitters by Adenosine: Cyclic AMP‐Dependent Enhancement of Release from PC12 Cells

Carolyn S. Rabe, Richard McGee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: We have used pheochromocytoma cells, clone PC12, as a model system for studying the effects of adenosine on neurosecretion. Exposure of the cells to adenosine or 2‐chloroadenosine caused immediate activation of adenylate cyclase, increases in cellular cyclic AMP content, and inhibition of SAM‐dependent phospholipid N‐methylation and protein carboxymethylation. However, the effects on methylation were only observed with concentrations of adenosine 100 times greater than those that elevated cyclic AMP. Exposure of the cells to adenosine and 2‐chloroadenosine did not alter the release of [3H]norepinephrine ([3H]NE) in the absence of depolarization. However, depolarization‐dependent release of [3H]NE was markedly elevated by short (1–20 min) pretreatments with adenosine or 2‐chloroadenosine. The enhancement of release was observed irrespective of the nature of the depolarizing stimulus (elevated K+, carbamylcholine, or veratridine). Release of [3H]acetylcholine in response to elevated K+ also was increased by adenosine pretreatment. These effects of adenosine and 2‐chloroadenosine on neurotransmitter release closely paralleled elevation of cellular cyclic AMP but not inhibition of methylation. Taken together, the results show that adenosine, probably acting through adenosine receptors coupled to stimulation of adenylate cyclase, is able to modulate the neurosecretory process in PC12 cells. Furthermore, the enhancement of release occurred even though the extent of depolarization (measured as 86Rb+ flux through the acetylcholine receptor channel) and the amount of 45Ca2+ which entered upon depolarization were unchanged. Therefore, the enhancement of release produced by elevated cyclic AMP appeared to reflect increased efficiency of the stimulus‐secretion coupling process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1623-1634
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1983

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Methylation
  • Pheochromocytoma cells
  • Secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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