Interferons (IFNs) are released by cells on exposure to various stimuli, including viruses, double-stranded RNA, and other cytokines and various polypeptides. These IFNs play important physiological and pathophysiological roles in humans. Many clinical studies have established activity for these cytokines in the treatment of several malignancies, viral syndromes, and autoimmune disorders. In this review, the regulatory effects of type I and II IFN receptors on the translation-initiation process mediated by mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways and the known mechanisms of control of mRNA translation of IFN-stimulated genes are summarized and discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology