A large body of evidence has established that BCR-ABL regulates engagement and activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades. mTOR-mediated signals, as well as signals transduced by ERK, JNK, and p38 MAPK, are important components of the aberrant signaling induced by BCR-ABL. Such deregulation of mTOR or MAPK pathways contributes to BCR-ABL leukemogenesis, and their targeting with selective inhibitors provides an approach to enhance antileukemic responses and/or overcome leukemic cell resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This review explores recent advances in our understanding of mTOR and MAPK signaling in BCR-ABL-expressing leukemias and discusses the potential therapeutic targeting of these pathways in CML and Ph+ ALL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research