Regulation of MnSOD enzymatic activity by Sirt3 connects the mitochondrial acetylome signaling networks to aging and carcinogenesis

Randa Tao, Athanasios Vasilopoulos, Loukia Parisiadou, Yufan Yan, David R Gius*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significance: It is a well-established scientific observation that mammalian cells contain fidelity or watchdog proteins that maintain the correct function of cellular organelles. Recent Advances: Over the past several years, the Sirtuin deacetylase family protein Sirt3 has emerged as a mitochondrial fidelity protein that directs energy generation and regulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging proteins. Loss of function or genetic mutation of these fidelity proteins has been shown to create a cellular environment that is permissive for the development of cellular damage associated with processes such as aging and carcinogenesis. Critical Issues: Mitochondria are the primary organelles that direct oxidative metabolism for the production of ATP; however, this is also a significant source of ROS. Thus, it is reasonable to propose that mitochondria should contain proteins that would signal downstream target molecules and/or ROS scavenger enzymes to maintain mitochondrial and cellular homeostatic poise. It is also reasonable to hypothesize that the mitochondria contain fidelity proteins similar to those found in the nucleus and cytoplasm. We discuss a new role of Sirt3 in the direction of the primary superoxide scavenger protein, manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), and how the acetylation or deacetylation of several specific lysines appears to direct MnSOD enzymatic dismutase activity. Future Directions: Aberrant downstream regulation of MnSOD by Sirt3 may be a potential source of cellular damage that accumulates with aging to create a tumor-permissive phenotype. Future studies can explore the role of MnSOD in age-related illness using this new mechanism of enzymatic regulation. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 20, 1646-1654

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1646-1654
Number of pages9
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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