Regulation of neuronal Na+/K+-atpase by specific protein kinases and protein phosphatases

Sandesh Mohan, Manindra Nath Tiwari, Yoav Biala, Yoel Yaari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) is a ubiquitous membrane-bound enzyme responsible for generating and maintaining the Na+ and K+ electrochemical gradients across the plasmalemma of living cells. Numerous studies in non-neuronal tissues have shown that this transport mechanism is reversibly regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of the catalytic α subunit and/or associated proteins. In neurons, Na+/K+ transport byNKAis essential for almost all neuronal operations,consumingupto two-thirds of the neuron’s energy expenditure. However, little is known about its cellular regulatory mechanisms. Here we have used an electrophysiological approach to monitor NKA transport activity in male rat hippocampal neurons in situ. We report that this activity is regulated by a balance between serine/threonine phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. Phosphorylation by the protein kinases PKG and PKC inhibits NKA activity, whereas dephosphorylation by the protein phosphatases PP-1 and PP-2B (calcineurin) reverses this effect. Given that these kinases and phosphatases serve as downstream effectors in key neuronal signaling pathways, theymaymediate the coupling of primary messengers, such as neurotransmitters, hormones, and growth factors, to the NKAs, through which multiple brain functions can be regulated or dysregulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5440-5451
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume39
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2019

Keywords

  • Ca1 pyramidal cell
  • Na/K-atpase
  • Protein kinases
  • Protein phosphatases
  • Slow afterhyperpolarization
  • Sodium pump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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