Regulation of pancreatic islet gene expression in mouse islets by pregnancy

B. T. Layden, V. Durai, M. V. Newman, A. M. Marinelarena, C. W. Ahn, G. Feng, S. Lin, X. Zhang, D. B. Kaufman, N. Jafari, G. L. Sørensen, W. L. Lowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pancreatic β cells adapt to pregnancy-induced insulin resistance by unclear mechanisms. This study sought to identify genes involved in β cell adaptation during pregnancy. To examine changes in global RNA expression during pregnancy, murine islets were isolated at a time point of increased β cell proliferation (E13.5), and RNA levels were determined by two different assays (global gene expression array and G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) array). Follow-up studies confirmed the findings for select genes. Differential expression of 110 genes was identified and follow-up studies confirmed the changes in select genes at both the RNA and protein level. Surfactant protein D (SP-D) mRNA and protein levels exhibited large increases, which were confirmed in murine islets. Cytokine-induced expression of SP-D in islets was also demonstrated, suggesting a possible role as an anti-inflammatory molecule. Complementing these studies, an expression array was performed to define pregnancy-induced changes in expression of GPCRs that are known to impact islet cell function and proliferation. This assay, the results of which were confirmed using real-time reverse transcription-PCR assays, demonstrated that free fatty acid receptor 2 and cholecystokinin receptor A mRNA levels were increased at E13.5. This study has identified multiple novel targets that may be important for the adaptation of islets to pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-279
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume207
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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