Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that reconstituted basement membrane and stromal secretory products are important regulators of benign prostatic epithelial cell growth and differentiation. In the present study we evaluated the impact of extracellular matrix (ECM) and soluble stromal secretory products on the proliferation and secretory activity of the androgen‐responsive prostatic carcinoma cell line LNCaP. In these studies, dihydrotes‐tosterone (DHT) was a potent mitogen for LNCaP cells cultured on plastic or on type I collagen. The growth response to DHT was greatly attenuated when LNCaP cells were grown on prostatic stromal ECM. Cells grown on stromal ECM also exhibited clustered morphology compared to the monolayer growth observed on plastic and secreted elevated levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA) and prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP). These findings indicate that cultivation of LNCaP on stromal ECM will promote the expression of differentiated functions. In additional studies, stromal cell conditioned medium (SCM) significantly increased PSA/PAP secretion by LNCaP cells in the presence of 10 nM DHT. The enhancement of DHT‐induced PSA/PAP secretion by SCM was most pronounced when LNCaP cells were grown on stromal ECM. SCM did not significantly alter LNCaP proliferation. These studies indicate that prostatic stromal ECM and soluble secretory products will promote differentiated function in cultured LNCaP cells. In addition, we show that DHT can act as either a growth or differentiation‐promoting stimulus depending on the presence of stromal factors.
- type I collagen
ASJC Scopus subject areas