cis-Fatty acids such as oleic acid or linoleic acid have been previously shown to induce full activation of protein kinase C in the absence of Ca2+ and phospholipids (Murakami, K., and Routtenberg, A. (1985) FEBS Lett. 192, 189-193; Murakami, K., Chan, S.Y., and Routtenberg, A. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 15424-15429). In this study, we have investigated the effects of various metal ions on protein kinase C activity without the interference of Ca2+ since cis-fatty acid requires no Ca2+ for protein kinase C activation. Here we report a specific interaction of Zn2+ with protein kinase C in either a positive or negative cooperative fashion in concert with Ca2+. At low concentrations (approximately 5 microM) of Ca2+, Zn2+ enhances protein kinase C activity induced by both oleic acid and phosphatidylserine/diolein. In contrast, Zn2+ inhibits the activity at higher concentrations (over 50 microM) of Ca2+. In the absence of Ca2+, Zn2+ shows no effect on protein kinase C activity. Our results suggest that Zn2+ does not recognize or interact with protein kinase C in the absence of Ca2+, that protein kinase C possesses high and low affinity Ca2+-binding sites, and that at least one Zn2+-binding site exists which is distinct from Ca2+-binding sites.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The Journal of biological chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology