Regulation of Siglec-8-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production and eosinophil cell death by Src family kinases

Gen Kano, Bruce Scott Bochner, Nives Zimmermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale Siglec-8 is a surface receptor predominantly expressed on human eosinophils where its ligation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cell death. Since Siglec-8 has intracellular tyrosine-based motifs, we hypothesized that Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in ROS formation and cell death induced by Siglec-8 engagement. Methods Human peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and incubated with anti-Siglec-8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb, agonist), IL-5, and SFK pharmacological inhibitors. We focused on Siglec-8-induced cell death in short-term IL-5-activated cells leading to a regulated necrosis-type cell death. ROS production was determined by dihydrorhodamine (DHR) 123 labeling and flow cytometry, or by chemiluminescence using Amplex red. Activation of SFK was determined using phospholuminex and Western blotting. Results In order to determine cellular localization of ROS production, we measured intra and extracellular ROS. While an ETosis stimulus (calcium ionophore A23187) led to extracellular ROS (ecROS) production, Siglec-8-engagement in short-term IL-5 activated cells led to intracellular ROS (icROS) accumulation. Consistently, inhibition of extracellular ROS by catalase inhibited ETosis, but not IL-5-primed Siglec-8-induced cell death. In order to determine signaling events for Siglec-8, we performed Western blotting and found SFK phosphorylation in lysates from eosinophils stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 mAb ± IL-5. In order to identify which SFKs were involved, we used the phospholuminex assay and found increased levels of phosphorylated Fgr in the cytoplasmic fraction of cells co-stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 for 3 hours compared with cells stimulated with IL-5 alone. To test the involvement of SFKs in ROS production and cell death, we used SFK inhibitors PP2 and dasatinib, both of which completely inhibited eosinophil ROS production and cell death induced by anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 co-stimulation. Conclusion Siglec-8 engagement in short-term IL-5-activated eosinophils causes icROS production and SKF phosphorylation, and both are essential in mediating Siglec-8-induced cell death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalImmunobiology
Volume222
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

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Sialic Acid Binding Immunoglobulin-like Lectins
src-Family Kinases
Eosinophils
Reactive Oxygen Species
Cell Death
Interleukin-5
Western Blotting
Phosphorylation
Calcium Ionophores
Calcimycin

Keywords

  • Cell death
  • Eosinophils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

Cite this

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title = "Regulation of Siglec-8-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production and eosinophil cell death by Src family kinases",
abstract = "Rationale Siglec-8 is a surface receptor predominantly expressed on human eosinophils where its ligation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cell death. Since Siglec-8 has intracellular tyrosine-based motifs, we hypothesized that Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in ROS formation and cell death induced by Siglec-8 engagement. Methods Human peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and incubated with anti-Siglec-8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb, agonist), IL-5, and SFK pharmacological inhibitors. We focused on Siglec-8-induced cell death in short-term IL-5-activated cells leading to a regulated necrosis-type cell death. ROS production was determined by dihydrorhodamine (DHR) 123 labeling and flow cytometry, or by chemiluminescence using Amplex red. Activation of SFK was determined using phospholuminex and Western blotting. Results In order to determine cellular localization of ROS production, we measured intra and extracellular ROS. While an ETosis stimulus (calcium ionophore A23187) led to extracellular ROS (ecROS) production, Siglec-8-engagement in short-term IL-5 activated cells led to intracellular ROS (icROS) accumulation. Consistently, inhibition of extracellular ROS by catalase inhibited ETosis, but not IL-5-primed Siglec-8-induced cell death. In order to determine signaling events for Siglec-8, we performed Western blotting and found SFK phosphorylation in lysates from eosinophils stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 mAb ± IL-5. In order to identify which SFKs were involved, we used the phospholuminex assay and found increased levels of phosphorylated Fgr in the cytoplasmic fraction of cells co-stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 for 3 hours compared with cells stimulated with IL-5 alone. To test the involvement of SFKs in ROS production and cell death, we used SFK inhibitors PP2 and dasatinib, both of which completely inhibited eosinophil ROS production and cell death induced by anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 co-stimulation. Conclusion Siglec-8 engagement in short-term IL-5-activated eosinophils causes icROS production and SKF phosphorylation, and both are essential in mediating Siglec-8-induced cell death.",
keywords = "Cell death, Eosinophils",
author = "Gen Kano and Bochner, {Bruce Scott} and Nives Zimmermann",
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Regulation of Siglec-8-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production and eosinophil cell death by Src family kinases. / Kano, Gen; Bochner, Bruce Scott; Zimmermann, Nives.

In: Immunobiology, Vol. 222, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 343-349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of Siglec-8-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production and eosinophil cell death by Src family kinases

AU - Kano, Gen

AU - Bochner, Bruce Scott

AU - Zimmermann, Nives

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - Rationale Siglec-8 is a surface receptor predominantly expressed on human eosinophils where its ligation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cell death. Since Siglec-8 has intracellular tyrosine-based motifs, we hypothesized that Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in ROS formation and cell death induced by Siglec-8 engagement. Methods Human peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and incubated with anti-Siglec-8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb, agonist), IL-5, and SFK pharmacological inhibitors. We focused on Siglec-8-induced cell death in short-term IL-5-activated cells leading to a regulated necrosis-type cell death. ROS production was determined by dihydrorhodamine (DHR) 123 labeling and flow cytometry, or by chemiluminescence using Amplex red. Activation of SFK was determined using phospholuminex and Western blotting. Results In order to determine cellular localization of ROS production, we measured intra and extracellular ROS. While an ETosis stimulus (calcium ionophore A23187) led to extracellular ROS (ecROS) production, Siglec-8-engagement in short-term IL-5 activated cells led to intracellular ROS (icROS) accumulation. Consistently, inhibition of extracellular ROS by catalase inhibited ETosis, but not IL-5-primed Siglec-8-induced cell death. In order to determine signaling events for Siglec-8, we performed Western blotting and found SFK phosphorylation in lysates from eosinophils stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 mAb ± IL-5. In order to identify which SFKs were involved, we used the phospholuminex assay and found increased levels of phosphorylated Fgr in the cytoplasmic fraction of cells co-stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 for 3 hours compared with cells stimulated with IL-5 alone. To test the involvement of SFKs in ROS production and cell death, we used SFK inhibitors PP2 and dasatinib, both of which completely inhibited eosinophil ROS production and cell death induced by anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 co-stimulation. Conclusion Siglec-8 engagement in short-term IL-5-activated eosinophils causes icROS production and SKF phosphorylation, and both are essential in mediating Siglec-8-induced cell death.

AB - Rationale Siglec-8 is a surface receptor predominantly expressed on human eosinophils where its ligation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cell death. Since Siglec-8 has intracellular tyrosine-based motifs, we hypothesized that Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in ROS formation and cell death induced by Siglec-8 engagement. Methods Human peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and incubated with anti-Siglec-8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb, agonist), IL-5, and SFK pharmacological inhibitors. We focused on Siglec-8-induced cell death in short-term IL-5-activated cells leading to a regulated necrosis-type cell death. ROS production was determined by dihydrorhodamine (DHR) 123 labeling and flow cytometry, or by chemiluminescence using Amplex red. Activation of SFK was determined using phospholuminex and Western blotting. Results In order to determine cellular localization of ROS production, we measured intra and extracellular ROS. While an ETosis stimulus (calcium ionophore A23187) led to extracellular ROS (ecROS) production, Siglec-8-engagement in short-term IL-5 activated cells led to intracellular ROS (icROS) accumulation. Consistently, inhibition of extracellular ROS by catalase inhibited ETosis, but not IL-5-primed Siglec-8-induced cell death. In order to determine signaling events for Siglec-8, we performed Western blotting and found SFK phosphorylation in lysates from eosinophils stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 mAb ± IL-5. In order to identify which SFKs were involved, we used the phospholuminex assay and found increased levels of phosphorylated Fgr in the cytoplasmic fraction of cells co-stimulated with anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 for 3 hours compared with cells stimulated with IL-5 alone. To test the involvement of SFKs in ROS production and cell death, we used SFK inhibitors PP2 and dasatinib, both of which completely inhibited eosinophil ROS production and cell death induced by anti-Siglec-8 and IL-5 co-stimulation. Conclusion Siglec-8 engagement in short-term IL-5-activated eosinophils causes icROS production and SKF phosphorylation, and both are essential in mediating Siglec-8-induced cell death.

KW - Cell death

KW - Eosinophils

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