Regulation of the anaphase-promoting complex-separase cascade by transforming growth factor-β modulates mitotic progression in bone marrow stromal cells

Takeo Fujita, Michael W. Epperly, Hui Zou, Joel S. Greenberger, Yong Wan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alteration of the tumor microenvironment by aberrant stromal cells influences many aspects of cell biology, including differentiation of stem cells and tumor metastasis. The role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling in stromal cells of the tissue microenvironment is critical to both pathways. We examined murine marrow stromal cells with deletion of Smad3 and found that they have an altered cell cycle profile, with a higher fraction of cells in G2/M phase. Deletion of Smad3 significantly abrogates TGF-β signaling and suppresses phosphorylation of CDC27-anaphase-promoting complex (APC) during mitosis, thereby resulting in elevated cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)1 activity via increased levels of cyclin B. Enhanced CDK1 activity due to deregulation of APC leads in turn to hyperphosphorylation of separase, impeding chromatid separation. A residue Ser1126Ala mutation in separase specifically abolished separase hyperphosphorylation in Smad3-deficient cells. The present results unveil a new function for the TGF-β pathway in the regulation of APC to mediate chromatid separation during mitosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5446-5455
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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