Regulation of the human papillomavirus life cycle by DNA damage repair pathways and epigenetic factors

Ekaterina Albert, Laimonis Laimins

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human papillomaviruses are the causative agents of cervical and other anogenital cancers along with approximately 60% of oropharyngeal cancers. These small double-stranded DNA viruses infect stratified epithelia and link their productive life cycles to differentiation. HPV proteins target cellular factors, such as those involved in DNA damage repair, as well as epigenetic control of host and viral transcription to regulate the productive life cycle. HPVs constitutively activate the ATM and ATR DNA repair pathways and preferentially recruit these proteins to viral genomes to facilitate productive viral replication. In addition, the sirtuin deacetylases along with histone acetyltransferases, including Tip60, are targeted in HPV infections to regulate viral transcription and replication. These pathways provide potential targets for drug therapy to treat HPV-induced disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number744
JournalViruses
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • ATM
  • ATR
  • DNA damage
  • HPV
  • Sirtuins
  • Tip60

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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