Regulation of TNF-α expression in normal macrophages: The role of C/EBPβ

Richard Pope*, Shubangee Mungre, Hongtao Liu, Bayar Thimmapaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


C/EBPβ is present in monocytes and macrophages, binds to the proximal region of the TNF-α promoter, and contributes to its regulation. This study was performed to characterize the ability of C/EBPβ to regulate the TNF-α gene in myelomonocytic cells and primary macrophages. In transient transfection assays, overexpression of wild type C/EBPβ resulted in a 3-4-fold activation of a 120 base pair TNF-α promoter-reporter construct, while overexpression of a dominant negative (DN) C/EBPβ inhibited LPS-induced activation. In vitro monocyte-differentiated macrophages, infected with an adenoviral vector expressing the DN C/EBPβ (AdDNC/EBPβ) or the control Adβgal, expressed their transgenes weakly, however expression was greatly enhanced in the presence of PMA. Infection with AdDNC/EBPβ resulted in 60% suppression of LPS induced TNFα secretion compared to Adβgal infection (P < 0.001) in PMA-treated macrophages. Northern blot analysis demonstrated approximately a 40% reduction of the TNF-α mRNA in the presence of the DN C/EBPβ, suggesting that the effect of the DN C/EBPβ was at the transcriptional level. In contrast, AdDNC/EBPβ infection did not result in inhibition of LPS-induced TNF-α secretion in the absence of PMA. Further, DN versions of both C/EBPβ and c-Jun, but not NF-κB p65, suppressed PMA-induced TNF-α secretion in macrophages. These observations demonstrate that, C/EBPβ and c-Jun contribute to the regulation of the TNF-α gene in normal macrophages following treatment with PMA. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1181
Number of pages11
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2000


  • C/EBPβ
  • LPS
  • Macrophages
  • PMA
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Molecular Biology


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