Rehabilitation technologies for cerebral palsy

Deborah Gaebler-Spira*, Elisabetta Peri, Francesca Lunardini, Fernando Sanchez-Santed, Margaret Duff, Mary Kay Ballasiotes, Rafael Raya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common motor disorder of childhood. It is characterized by abnormal muscle tone and is caused by a nonprogressive injury to the developing brain. The hallmark of abnormal posture and movement occurs as the child develops fundamental motor skills. Thus, it is critical to make opportunities for infants and young children to interact with the environment. It is recognized that assistive technology can improve the functional capabilities limited by CP. In this chapter we will explore four distinct current innovative strategies that promote rehabilitation functional outcomes. The first two will focus on the output side of treatment that of robotic control systems with virtual reality to increased practice performance in locomotion and activity of daily living. The second contribution describes the state of the art of wearable sensors providing feedback for improving motor performance including communication. The third will focus on noninvasive brain stimulation for CP rehabilitation. The next contribution provides analogues strategies used with stroke research that may be translated to children. Finally, we summarize the assistive devices for rehabilitation of people with CP from a parents perspective describing the challenges achieved and the future work required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiosystems and Biorobotics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages87-108
Number of pages22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Publication series

NameBiosystems and Biorobotics
Volume10
ISSN (Print)2195-3562
ISSN (Electronic)2195-3570

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

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