Relation Between Parent Symptomatology and Youth Problems: Multiple Mediation Through Family Income and Parent–Youth Stress

Jessica L. Schleider*, Anushka Patel, Lauren Krumholz, Bruce F. Chorpita, John R. Weisz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested whether family income and stress in the parent–youth relationship might mediate links between parent symptoms and youth problems, and whether the process might differ for youth externalizing versus internalizing problems. We used a multiple mediation technique to test pathways by which family income and stress in the parent–child relationship might relate to parent–youth symptom associations in a sample of clinically-referred 7–13 year-olds (32 % female; M age = 10.16 years). Family income and stress jointly mediated the relation between parent symptoms and youth externalizing problems but not between parent symptoms and youth internalizing problems. Future longitudinal research should investigate whether low income and parent–youth stress may deplete the parental resources needed to manage youth externalizing behavior. This study extends existing literature by suggesting a specific pattern by which two identified risk factors for youth problems may operate jointly, and by showing specificity to externalizing problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalChild psychiatry and human development
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Family income
  • Mediation
  • Parent symptoms
  • Parenting stress
  • Youth externalizing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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