|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||The International Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Communication|
|Editors||Charles R Berger, Michael E Roloff|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 2016|
Conflict constitutes incompatible activity that in some cases results from or leads to disagreement. Scholars have distinguished between relational and task conflict. This entry examines two approaches used to study relational and task conflict. The first is a relational contextual approach and examines conflicts occurring within intimate relationships (e.g., marriage, family) relative to those that are defined primarily by the completion of tasks (e.g., employer–employee, work team). The second approach treats relational and task conflicts as characteristics of a disagreement and examines their effect on close and task-oriented relationships.