Relational language and inhibitory control in the development of analogical ability

Nina Simms, Dedre Gentner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper explores the role of relational language and inhibitory control in the development of children’s analogical reasoning ability. In two experiments, children were asked to make a relational mapping between two pictures while ignoring a competing object match. Experiment 1 demonstrated that children were more successful at this task when they heard relational language. The performance of children who heard relational language was equally good with and without a distracting object match present. Experiment 2 asks whether children with better inhibitory control are also better at ignoring object matches when mapping relations. Results suggest that the impact of inhibitory control may differ across ages. Future work will address how the factors of relational language and inhibition interact in the development of analogical ability.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Second International Conference on Analogy
EditorsBoicho Kokinov, Keith Holyoak, Dedre Gentner
PublisherNBU Press
Pages414-422
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)978-954-535-580-6 
StatePublished - 2009

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