Reoperative techniques for complications after arterial switch

Constantine Mavroudis*, Robert D. Stewart, Carl L. Backer, Harish Rudra, Patrick Vargo, Marshall L. Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Background: The purpose of this study is to review our experience with late reoperations after the arterial switch operation (ASO) and to introduce reparative solutions adapted from previous techniques. Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 23 patients who underwent late reoperations after ASO between 1983 and 2010. Eighteen patients were from our concomitantly reported cohort of 258 ASO patients and 5 came from distant referrals. Results: Twenty-seven reoperations on 23 patients were performed for lesions relating to coronary arteries (9 procedures, 7 patients), the neoaortic root (12 procedures, 10 patients), and the right ventricular outflow tract (6 procedures, 6 patients). Four patients died: 1 from an exsanguinating gastric ulcer 4 years after prosthetic valve replacement; 1 from coronary occlusion one month postoperatively from an unroofed intramural left main coronary artery; and 2 after supravalvar pulmonary artery stenosis repair complicated by coexisting left ventricular dysfunction from the original ASO. Conclusions: The ASO remains the treatment of choice for transposition of the great arteries and its variants. While the incidence of late reintervention is low, a subset of patients will require operations that extend the principles of myocardial revascularization, left ventricular outflow tract reconstruction, and relief of pulmonary stenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1747-1755
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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