Repair of auricular defects following Mohs micrographic surgery or excision: a systematic review of the literature

Kathryn T. Shahwan*, Gabriel J. Amon, Laura K. Archibald, Caitlin Bakker, Adam R. Mattox, Murad Alam, Ian A. Maher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Repair of auricular defects following tumor removal can be challenging. Many techniques have been described, but the literature lacks a comprehensive review of these methods. To perform a systematic review to compile and describe methods of reconstruction for post-surgical defects on the ears, eight databases were searched using terms related to ear anatomy, Mohs and excisions, and repair methods. Articles were eligible for inclusion if they contained repair data for ear defects following Mohs or excision for at least 4 subjects and were published in English between 2004 and 2019. Two reviewers screened all abstracts, and then evaluated the remaining full text articles to determine eligibility. The authors’ specialties, study design, subject information, tumor and defect characteristics, procedure, repair methods, outcomes, and complications were then extracted. Most articles were written by dermatologic surgeons (66.7%). Repair methods included wedge excisions (19 cases), second intention healing (376), linear closures (294), purse strings (4), locoregional flaps (221), and grafts (2003). Most studies were small observational case series or cohort studies that lacked clear outcome measures. The available evidence on this topic is low quality. Further research utilizing improved study designs and standardized outcome measures is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-446
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
Volume315
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Mohs
  • Reconstruction
  • Skin cancer
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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