Repair of Partial Atrioventricular Septal Defect: Age and Outcomes

Paul J. Devlin, Carl L. Backer*, Osama Eltayeb, Michael C. Mongé, Amanda L. Hauck, John M. Costello

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. We evaluated the outcomes of patients undergoing surgical repair of partial atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) and analyzed the effect of age on outcome. Methods. In this single-center retrospective study, we included all children who underwent repair of partial AVSD between 1990 and 2014. We divided the patients into 4 age quartiles (first quartile: 0-0.75 years, n = 22; second quartile: 0.75-1.5 years, n = 21; third quartile: 1.5-3.75 years, n = 22; and fourth quartile: >3.75 years, n = 21). These quartiles were evaluated for their association with the time-to-event outcomes of survival, freedom from left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR), and freedom from reoperation using log-rank analysis. Results. During the study period, 86 patients underwent partial AVSD repair at a median age of 1.5 years. There were no operative deaths and 2 late deaths (unknown cause and trauma). There were 13 reoperations. The most common cause of reoperation was left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) (5 patients [first quartile, 2 cases; second quartile, 1 case; third quartile, 2 cases, and fourth quartile, 0 cases]). LAVV reoperation for insufficiency or stenosis was performed in 4 patients (first quartile, 1 case; second quartile, 1 case; third quartile, 1 case; and fourth quartile, 1 case). Two patients underwent pacemaker placement (second quartile, 1 case and fourth quartile, 1 case). There were no statistically significant differences in the most common complications - LVOTO, LAVVR, and AV heart block - between the 4 age quartiles. Median follow-up was 7.1 years (interquartile range [IQR], 0.8-11.4 years). On echocardiography, 72 patients (84%) had less than or equal to mild LAVVR, 8 (9%) patients had mild to moderate LAVVR, 5 (6%) patients had moderate LAVVR, and 1 (1%) patient had severe LAVVR. Age at repair had no significant association with degree of late AV valve insufficiency. Conclusions. Results of partial AVSD repair at a median age of 1.5 years are excellent. Operating at this age is not associated with increased mortality, reoperation, or LAVVR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-177
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume102
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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