Reprocessable Polymer Networks Designed with Hydroxyurethane Dynamic Cross-links

Effect of Backbone Structure on Network Morphology, Phase Segregation, and Property Recovery

Xi Chen, Lingqiao Li, Tong Wei, John M Torkelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Polybutadiene (PB), poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO), and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) networks are synthesized using relatively low wt% of dynamic hydroxyurethane cross-links, and recovery of cross-link density, network morphology, and properties are investigated as a function of reprocessing. PB and PTMO networks exhibit full recovery of rubbery plateau modulus, and thus cross-link density, and tensile properties after multiple melt-state recycling steps. PDMS networks exhibit a small loss in rubbery plateau modulus with reprocessing. Small-angle X-ray scattering reveals nanophase separation in PB and PDMS networks. Although PTMO networks are not nanophase separated, cold crystallization is observed, with crystallinity increasing after reprocessing because of chain alignment. This work establishes the effective use of hydroxyurethane cross-links toward full property recovery in different networks and provides insights on the design of reprocessable networks with distinctive morphology and sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1900083
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume220
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Fingerprint

Polybutadienes
Polydimethylsiloxane
Polymers
recovery
Recovery
Oxides
polymers
polybutadiene
Crystallization
X ray scattering
Tensile properties
Recycling
Sustainable development
oxides
plateaus
polytetramethylene glycol
baysilon
tensile properties
recycling
crystallinity

Keywords

  • cold crystallization
  • dynamic covalent bond
  • nanophase separation
  • property recovery
  • reprocessable polymer networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{964c1e5549a74f3da2e40f0e2b02e142,
title = "Reprocessable Polymer Networks Designed with Hydroxyurethane Dynamic Cross-links: Effect of Backbone Structure on Network Morphology, Phase Segregation, and Property Recovery",
abstract = "Polybutadiene (PB), poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO), and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) networks are synthesized using relatively low wt{\%} of dynamic hydroxyurethane cross-links, and recovery of cross-link density, network morphology, and properties are investigated as a function of reprocessing. PB and PTMO networks exhibit full recovery of rubbery plateau modulus, and thus cross-link density, and tensile properties after multiple melt-state recycling steps. PDMS networks exhibit a small loss in rubbery plateau modulus with reprocessing. Small-angle X-ray scattering reveals nanophase separation in PB and PDMS networks. Although PTMO networks are not nanophase separated, cold crystallization is observed, with crystallinity increasing after reprocessing because of chain alignment. This work establishes the effective use of hydroxyurethane cross-links toward full property recovery in different networks and provides insights on the design of reprocessable networks with distinctive morphology and sustainability.",
keywords = "cold crystallization, dynamic covalent bond, nanophase separation, property recovery, reprocessable polymer networks",
author = "Xi Chen and Lingqiao Li and Tong Wei and Torkelson, {John M}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
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doi = "10.1002/macp.201900083",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "220",
journal = "Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "1022-1352",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Reprocessable Polymer Networks Designed with Hydroxyurethane Dynamic Cross-links

T2 - Effect of Backbone Structure on Network Morphology, Phase Segregation, and Property Recovery

AU - Chen, Xi

AU - Li, Lingqiao

AU - Wei, Tong

AU - Torkelson, John M

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Polybutadiene (PB), poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO), and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) networks are synthesized using relatively low wt% of dynamic hydroxyurethane cross-links, and recovery of cross-link density, network morphology, and properties are investigated as a function of reprocessing. PB and PTMO networks exhibit full recovery of rubbery plateau modulus, and thus cross-link density, and tensile properties after multiple melt-state recycling steps. PDMS networks exhibit a small loss in rubbery plateau modulus with reprocessing. Small-angle X-ray scattering reveals nanophase separation in PB and PDMS networks. Although PTMO networks are not nanophase separated, cold crystallization is observed, with crystallinity increasing after reprocessing because of chain alignment. This work establishes the effective use of hydroxyurethane cross-links toward full property recovery in different networks and provides insights on the design of reprocessable networks with distinctive morphology and sustainability.

AB - Polybutadiene (PB), poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO), and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) networks are synthesized using relatively low wt% of dynamic hydroxyurethane cross-links, and recovery of cross-link density, network morphology, and properties are investigated as a function of reprocessing. PB and PTMO networks exhibit full recovery of rubbery plateau modulus, and thus cross-link density, and tensile properties after multiple melt-state recycling steps. PDMS networks exhibit a small loss in rubbery plateau modulus with reprocessing. Small-angle X-ray scattering reveals nanophase separation in PB and PDMS networks. Although PTMO networks are not nanophase separated, cold crystallization is observed, with crystallinity increasing after reprocessing because of chain alignment. This work establishes the effective use of hydroxyurethane cross-links toward full property recovery in different networks and provides insights on the design of reprocessable networks with distinctive morphology and sustainability.

KW - cold crystallization

KW - dynamic covalent bond

KW - nanophase separation

KW - property recovery

KW - reprocessable polymer networks

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