Purpose To investigate the reproducibility and interobserver variability of 3D aortic velocity vector fields and wall shear stress (WSS) averaged over five systolic timeframes derived from noncontrast 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods Fourteen controls underwent test-retest 4D flow MRI examinations separated by 16 ± 3 days (resolution = 3.0-3.6 × 2.3-2.6 × 2.5-2.7 mm3; TE/TR/FA = 2.5/4.9 msec/7°; Venc = 150 cm/s). Two observers segmented the aorta, and WSS was calculated for both series of scans and both segmentations. Test-retest and interobserver velocity and WSS vectors were compared on a voxel-by-voxel basis in the aorta and on a regional basis by subdividing the aortas in six segments. Results Test-retest: voxel-by-voxel Bland-Altman analysis revealed small differences (-0.03/-0.02 m/s/Pa), limits of agreement (LOA) of 0.25 m/s/0.29 Pa, and coefficients of variation (CV) of 20% for velocity/WSS. Voxel-by-voxel orthogonal regression analysis showed moderate agreement (slope: 1.14/1.16, intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]: 0.76/0.67 for velocity/WSS). The regional analysis revealed a CV of 9%/8% and ICC of 0.9/0.9 for velocity/WSS. Interobserver: voxel-by-voxel difference for WSS was 0, LOA: 0.17/0.19 Pa, CV: 12/13%, slope: 1.01/1.09, ICC: 0.87/0.85 for test/retest. The CV/ICC for WSS in the regional analysis was 4%/1.0 for test and 3%/1.0 for retest. Conclusion Systolic velocity and WSS derived from 4D flow MRI are reproducible between consecutive visits, with low interobserver variability in healthy volunteers.
- 4D flow MRI
- interobserver variability
- wall shear stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging