Reproducibility of drug efficacy predictions by Holter monitoring in the electrophysiologic study versus electrocardiographic monitoring (ESVEM) trial

Michael J. Reiter*, Labros A. Karagounis, David E. Mann, James A. Reiffel, Elizabeth Hahn, Vernon Hartz

*Corresponding author for this work

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4 Scopus citations


Selection of antiarrhythmic therapy may be based on suppression of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias assessed by Holter monitoring, but the implications of discordant Holter results on repeat 24-hour monitoring has not been defined. This study examines the frequency and significance of reproducible Holter suppression on two 24-hour recordings in the Electrophysiologic Study Versus Electrocardiographic Monitoring (ESVEM) trial. Repeat 24-hour Holter monitoring was obtained in patients randomized to the Holter monitor limb of the ESVEM trial, during the same hospitalization, after a drug efficacy prediction. These Holters were not used to define drug efficacy but were subsequently analyzed to determine the reproducibility of drug efficacy predictions by Holter monitoring. A repeat 24-hour Holter monitor, following the one that predicted drug efficacy, was available in 119 patients. Ninety-nine patients (83%) also had suppression that met efficacy criteria on the second Holter monitor. There were no significant differences in arrhythmia recurrence (p = 0.612) or mortality (p = 0.638) in patients with concordant Holter results (n = 99; 1-year arrhythmia recurrence = 45%; 1-year mortality = 10%) compared with those with discordant Holter results (n = 20; 1-year arrhythmia recurrence = 45%; 1- yeor mortality = 16%). We conclude that (1) there is discordance between the first effective Holter monitor and a repeat Holter monitor in 17% of patients, and (2) suppression of ventricular ectopic activity on 2 separate 24-hour Holter monitors does not identify a group with a baiter outcome, nor does failure of suppression on the second Holter monitor identify a group with a worse prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-322
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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