Reproductive outcomes after multiagent chemotherapy for high-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia

Jacqueline M.K. Wong, Dachao Liu, John R. Lurain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive outcomes of women with high-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) treated with multiagent EMA-CO chemotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: Of 212 patients treated with chemotherapy for GTN between 1986 and 2012, 65 (31%) could be contacted by telephone or mail and consented to participate in a questionnaire designed to assess their menstrual and reproduction outcomes. RESULTS: Twenty-four high-risk (HR) and 41 low-risk (LR) patients consented to the study. Fifteen (63%) HR and 34 (83%) LR women had not undergone hysterectomy (p=0.08). Of the 12 HR and 33 LR women who could recall their menstrual history, all 12 (100%) HR and 32 (97%) LR women resumed menses after chemotherapy. Both groups also had a similar age of menopause (HR, 43.8 years; LR, 48.5 years) (p=0.19). Although fewer women in the HR group desired to become pregnant after chemotherapy (HR 5/15 [33%] vs. LR 25/34 [74%]) (p=0.01), 8 HR women (53%) and 29 LR women (85%) eventually became pregnant (p=0.03), with equivalent live birth rates of 74% and 76%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Multiagent EMA-CO chemotherapy did not significantly alter menstrual or reproductive outcomes compared to single-agent methotrexate chemotherapy for GTN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-208
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine
Volume59
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Fertility
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease
  • Menstrual function
  • Reproductive outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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