Research and Development of Zincoborates: Crystal Growth, Structural Chemistry and Physicochemical Properties

Yanna Chen, Min Zhang, Miriding Mutailipu, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, Shilie Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Borates have been regarded as a rich source of functional materials due to their diverse structures and wide applications. Therein, zincobrates have aroused intensive interest owing to the effective structural and functional regulation effects of the strong-bonded zinc cations. In recent decades, numerous zincoborates with special crystal structures were obtained, such as Cs3Zn6B9O21 and AZn2BO3X2 (A = Na, K, Rb, NH4; X = Cl, Br) series with KBe2BO3F2-type layered structures were designed via substituting Be with Zn atoms, providing a feasible strategy to design promising non-linear optical materials; KZnB3O6 and Ba4Na2Zn4(B3O6)2(B12O24) with novel edge-sharing [BO4]5- tetrahedra were obtained under atmospheric pressure conditions, indicating that extreme conditions such as high pressure are not essential to obtain edge-sharing [BO4]5--containing borates; Ba4K2Zn5(B3O6)3(B9O19) and Ba2KZn3(B3O6)(B6O13) comprise two kinds of isolated polyborate anionic groups in one borate structure, which is rarely found in borates. Besides, many zincoborates emerged with particular physicochemical properties; for instance, Bi2ZnOB2O6 and BaZnBO3F are promising non-linear optical (NLO) materials; Zn4B6O13 and KZnB3O6 possess anomalous thermal expansion properties, etc. In this review, the synthesis, crystal structure features and properties of representative zincoborates are summarized, which could provide significant guidance for the exploration and design of new zincoborates with special structures and excellent performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecules (Basel, Switzerland)
Issue number15
StatePublished - Jul 30 2019


  • non-linear optical crystal
  • structural chemistry
  • structure–property relationship
  • zincoborate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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