Resilience and disruption in observed family interactions in youth with and without spina bifida: An eight-year, five-wave longitudinal study

Jaclyn M. Lennon*, Caitlin B. Murray, Colleen F. Bechtel, Grayson N. Holmbeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine differences between families of youth with spina bifida (SB) and families of typically developing (TD) youth on family-, parent-, and youth-level variables across preadolescence and adolescence. Methods Participants were 68 families of youth with SB and 68 families of TD youth. Ratings of observed family interactions were collected every 2 years at 5 time points (Time 1: ages 8-9 years; Time 5: ages 16-17 years). Results For families of youth with SB: families displayed less cohesion and more maternal psychological control during preadolescence (ages 8-9 years); parents presented as more united and displayed less dyadic conflict, and youth displayed less conflict behavior during the transition to adolescence (ages 10-13 years); mothers displayed more behavioral control during middle (ages 14-15 years) and late (ages 16-17 years) adolescence; youth displayed less engagement and more dependent behavior at every time point. Conclusions Findings highlight areas of resilience and disruption in families of youth with SB across adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-955
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • family
  • observational data
  • parenting
  • preadolescence
  • resilience
  • spina bifida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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