Vaccinia virus DNA topoisomerase catalyzes resolution of synthetic Holliday junctions in vitro. The mechanism entails concerted transesterifications at two recognition sites, 5'-CCCTT↓, that are opposed within a partially mobile four-way junction. Efficient resolution occurs on a junction with a 10 bp segment of branch mobility (5'-GCCCTTATCG) that extends 4 bp 3' of the scissile phosphate. Here we report that resolution is decreased when branch mobility is limited to an 8 bp segment extending 2 bp 3' of the cleavage site and then eliminated when branch mobility is confined to the 6 bp GCCCTT sequence 5' of the scissile phosphate. We surmise that a spacer region 3' of CCCTT is needed for simultaneous cleavage at two opposing sites at the junction. Branch mobility is bot required for reaction chemistry at a junction, becausetopoisomerase cleaves a single CCCTT site in a non-mobile four-way junction where the scissile phosphate is at the cross-over point. The junction resolvase activity of topoisomerase may be involved in forming the hairpin telomeres of the vaccinia genome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nucleic acids research|
|State||Published - Jul 15 2000|
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