Resource utilization reduction for evaluation of chest pain in pediatrics using a novel standardized clinical assessment and management plan (SCAMP)

George R. Verghese, Kevin G. Friedman, Rahul H. Rathod, Amir Meiri, Susan F. Saleeb, Dionne A. Graham, Robert L. Geggel, David R. Fulton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background--Chest pain is a common reason for referral to pediatric cardiologists. Although pediatric chest pain is rarely attributable to serious cardiac pathology, extensive and costly evaluation is often performed. We have implemented a standardized approach to pediatric chest pain in our pediatric cardiology clinics as part of a broader quality improvement initiative termed Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plans (SCAMPs). In this study, we evaluate the impact of a SCAMP for chest pain on practice variation and resource utilization. Methods and Results--We compared demographic variables, clinical characteristics, and cardiac testing in a historical cohort (n=406) of patients presenting to our outpatient division for initial evaluation of chest pain in the most recent pre-SCAMP calendar year (2009) to patients enrolled in the chest pain SCAMP (n=364). Demographic variables including age at presentation, sex, and clinical characteristics were similar between groups. Adherence to the SCAMP algorithm for echocardiography was 84%. Practice variation decreased significantly after implementation of the SCAMP (P<0.001). The number of exercise stress tests obtained was significantly lower in the SCAMP-enrolled patients compared with the historic cohort (3% of patients versus 29%, respectively; P<0.001). Similarly, there was a 66% decrease in utilization of Holter monitors and 75% decrease in the use of long-term event monitors after implementation of the chest pain SCAMP (P=0.003 and P<0.001, respectively). The number of echocardiograms obtained was similar between groups. Conclusions--Implementation of a SCAMP for evaluation of pediatric chest pain has lead to a decrease in practice variation and resource utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjah3-e000349
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Chest pain
  • Pediatrics
  • Quality improvement
  • Resource utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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