Background: Mirabegron, a β3 adrenergic receptor agonist, is FDA approved for treatment of overactive bladder. Approved in 2012 in the US, there have been no reports of any effects of mirabegron on pulmonary function. Case presentation: We report the case of a 65 year old male with a history of Parkinson's disease, OSA, and aspiration pneumonia presenting with subacute worsening dyspnea and found to have worsening restrictive ventilatory defect with a pattern consistent with neuromuscular weakness. After recalling that initiation of mirabegron correlated with onset of his worsening symptoms, the patient decided to perform a trial period off the drug. He subsequently reported prompt improvement in his respiratory symptoms, which was confirmed objectively by pulmonary function tests. In this case, mirabegron was temporally associated with subacute worsening of the patient's pulmonary restrictive physiology, with subsequent resolution after discontinuation of the medication. Conclusions: The mechanism of this adverse effect is unknown, but we speculate that this effect may be potentially mediated by the effect of β3 adrenergic receptor agonism on skeletal muscle, in this case in a patient with pre-existing neuromuscular disease. Careful assessment of patients who develop shortness of breath while on mirabegron should include an assessment for restrictive lung disease secondary neuromuscular dysfunction. Additional study is needed of the effects of β3 agonism on skeletal muscle.
- Adverse medication effect
- Neuromuscular lung disease
- β3 receptor agonist therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine