Respiratory self-gated multiple gradient recalled echo sequence for free-breathing abdominal R2* mapping

Ning Jin, Zhuoli Zhang, Longjiang Zhang, Guangming Lu, Andrew C. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Abdominal effective transverse relaxation rate (R2*) mapping is critical for a wide range of applications. However, respiratory motion can lead to significant image quality deterioration and R 2* overestimation. For this work, we explored the feasibility of combining respiratory self-gating techniques with a multiple gradient-recalled echo sequence for free-breathing abdominal R 2* measurements. In a series of eight normal volunteers, respiratory self-gated-multiple gradient-recalled echo methods effectively avoided motion artifacts to produce quantitative R2* measurements in liver, spleen, and kidneys that were comparable to R 2* measurements produced while breath-holding. Respiratory self-gated-multiple gradient-recalled echo methods demonstrated the potential to avoid the need for breath-holding during abdominal R2* mapping. For clinical application, respiratory self-gated-multiple gradient-recalled echo approaches could be particularly useful for R 2* measurements in those patients unable or unwilling to sustain sufficiently long breath-holds to avoid motion artifacts. Magn Reson Med, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • MGRE
  • abdominal
  • mapping
  • respiratory self-gating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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