Respiratory-Swallow Coordination in Individuals with Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Rabab Rangwala*, Raneh Saadi, Jungwha Julia Lee, Erin L. Reedy, Cagla Kantarcigil, Megan Roberts, Bonnie Martin-Harris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Swallowing impairment, including altered physiology and aspiration, occur across the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). The phase of respiration during which a swallow is initiated has been linked to swallowing impairment and aspiration in cohorts with dysphagia following stroke and head and neck cancer treatment, but has been understudied in PD. If similar findings are shown in individuals with PD, the implications for swallowing assessment and treatment are significant. Objective: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of literature was to examine respiratory-swallow coordination measures and potential implications on swallowing physiology in individuals with PD. Methods: An extensive search of 7 databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Central, Web of Science, ProQuest Dissertations Theses, Scopus, and CINAHL) with predetermined search terms was conducted. Inclusion criteria were individuals with PD and the use of objective evaluations of respiratory-swallow coordination. Results: Of the 13,760 articles identified, 11 met the inclusion criteria. This review supports the presence of atypical respiratory swallow patterning, respiratory pause duration and lung volume at swallow initiation in individuals with PD. The meta-analysis estimated an occurrence of 60% of non-expiration-expiration and 40% of expiration-expiration respiratory phase patterns surrounding swallowing. Conclusion: Although this systematic review supports the occurrence of atypical respiratory-swallow coordination in individuals with PD, the evidence is limited by the variability in the methods of data acquisition, analysis, and reporting. Future research examining the impact of respiratory swallow coordination on swallowing impairment and airway protection using consistent, comparable, and reproducible methods and metrics in individuals with PD is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-698
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Parkinson's disease
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2023


  • Deglutition disorders
  • Parkinson's disease
  • meta-analysis
  • respiration
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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