Respiratory viral infections among hospitalized adults: Experience of a single tertiary healthcare hospital

Ellie Walker, Michael G. Ison*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, there have been a large number of studies focusing on the epidemiology and outcomes of influenza A infection; however, there have been fewer studies focused on other respiratory viral infections. Objectives: To define the epidemiology and outcomes of non-influenza respiratory viral infections in hospitalized adults. Patients/Methods: Data on all patients ≥18 years of age with a positive molecular respiratory viral assay who were hospitalized at a single tertiary healthcare system in Chicago, IL, from retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Over the study period, 503 of 46 024 (1·1%) admitted patients had a positive RVP result. Human rhinovirus was the most commonly detected virus followed by influenza A, human metapneumovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, and influenza B, respectively. Infection in immunocompromised patients was associated with a higher rate of progression to pneumonia and death. Conclusions: Non-influenza respiratory viral infections are commonly detected among adults admitted to the hospital and can cause serious illness. The data can inform the prioritization of research into novel antiviral therapies for these infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-292
Number of pages11
JournalInfluenza and other respiratory viruses
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Virus Diseases
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Respiratory Tract Infections
Epidemiology
Infection
Human respiratory syncytial virus
Metapneumovirus
Influenza B virus
Paramyxoviridae Infections
Rhinovirus
Influenza A virus
Immunocompromised Host
Pandemics
Adenoviridae
Human Influenza
Antiviral Agents
Pneumonia
Delivery of Health Care
Research

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Infection
  • Outcomes
  • Respiratory
  • Virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, there have been a large number of studies focusing on the epidemiology and outcomes of influenza A infection; however, there have been fewer studies focused on other respiratory viral infections. Objectives: To define the epidemiology and outcomes of non-influenza respiratory viral infections in hospitalized adults. Patients/Methods: Data on all patients ≥18 years of age with a positive molecular respiratory viral assay who were hospitalized at a single tertiary healthcare system in Chicago, IL, from retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Over the study period, 503 of 46 024 (1·1{\%}) admitted patients had a positive RVP result. Human rhinovirus was the most commonly detected virus followed by influenza A, human metapneumovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, and influenza B, respectively. Infection in immunocompromised patients was associated with a higher rate of progression to pneumonia and death. Conclusions: Non-influenza respiratory viral infections are commonly detected among adults admitted to the hospital and can cause serious illness. The data can inform the prioritization of research into novel antiviral therapies for these infections.",
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Respiratory viral infections among hospitalized adults : Experience of a single tertiary healthcare hospital. / Walker, Ellie; Ison, Michael G.

In: Influenza and other respiratory viruses, Vol. 8, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 282-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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