Restricted Convalescence following Urogynecologic Procedures: 1-Year Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Study

Margaret G. Mueller*, Sarah A. Collins, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Meera Tavathia, Kimberly Kenton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To assess the relationship between postoperative activity recommendations and satisfaction and anatomic and functional outcomes 1 year after surgery for symptomatic prolapse. Methods This is a planned secondary analysis reporting 1-year functional and anatomic outcomes of a multicenter, randomized, double-masked clinical trial "ReCOUP."In the original trial, women undergoing surgery for prolapse were randomized to liberal (no limitations on physical activity) or restricted (heavy lifting and high-impact activity prohibited) postoperative activity recommendations for 3 months after surgery. At 1 year, our primary outcome was satisfaction, assessed using a 5-point Likert scale answer to the question, "How satisfied are you with the result of your prolapse surgery?"Anatomic surgical failure was met if women had prolapse beyond the hymen, apical descent greater than one third the vaginal length, OR retreatment for prolapse. Results Of the 95 women (n = 45 liberal, n = 50 restricted) who were randomized and completed primary 3-month outcomes, 83 (87%) completed a functional assessment, and 77 (81%) completed both functional and anatomic assessment at 1 year. Satisfaction with surgery remained high (91.5%) with no differences between groups (86.8% vs 95.6% P = 0.155) as did anatomic and functional outcomes. There were 7.8% women who met criteria for anatomic surgical failure with no difference between the restricted (7.0%) and liberal group (8.8%). Three women (2 in the restricted group, 1 in the liberal group) with recurrent prolapse and underwent surgery. Conclusions There were no significant differences in anatomic and functional outcomes at 12 months after surgery in women who resume postoperative activity liberally and those who restrict postoperative activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E336-E341
JournalFemale Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • postoperative activity recommendations
  • prolapse surgery
  • urogynecology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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