Long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders (LC-FAOD) are rare disorders characterized by acute crises of energy metabolism and severe energy deficiency that may present with cardiomyopathy, hypoglycemia, and/or rhabdomyolysis, which can lead to frequent hospitalizations and early death. An open-label Phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy of UX007, an investigational odd-carbon medium-chain triglyceride, in 29 subjects with severe LC-FAOD. UX007 was administered over 78 weeks at a target dose of 25–35% total daily caloric intake (mean 27.5%). The frequency and duration of major clinical events (hospitalizations, emergency room visits, and emergency home interventions due to rhabdomyolysis, hypoglycemia, and cardiomyopathy) occurring during 78 weeks of UX007 treatment was compared with the frequency and duration of events captured retrospectively from medical records for 78 weeks before UX007 initiation. The mean annualized event rates decreased from 1.69 to 0.88 events/year following UX007 initiation (p = 0.021; 48.1% reduction). The mean annualized duration rate decreased from 5.96 to 2.96 days/year (p = 0.028; 50.3% reduction). Hospitalizations due to rhabdomyolysis, the most common event, decreased from 1.03 to 0.63 events/year (p = 0.104; 38.7% reduction). Initiation of UX007 eliminated hypoglycemia events leading to hospitalization (from 11 pre-UX007 hospitalizations, 0.30 events/year vs. 0; p = 0.067) and intensive care unit (ICU) care (from 2 pre-UX007 ICU admissions, 0.05 events/year vs. 0; p = 0.161) and reduced cardiomyopathy events (3 events vs. 1 event; 0.07 to 0.02 events/year; 69.7% decrease). The majority of treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were mild to moderate gastrointestinal symptoms, including diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal or gastrointestinal pain, which can be managed with smaller, frequent doses mixed with food.
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