FLT3-ITD–mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has very high risk of relapse and is associated with poor outcome following allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplant (allo-HCT). This two-part, phase 1, multicenter, open-label, sequential-group, dose-escalation study aimed to determine dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and safety/tolerability of quizartinib, a selective and highly potent FLT3 inhibitor, when administered as maintenance therapy after allo-HCT. Thirteen subjects with documented FLT3-ITD–mutated AML in morphological remission following allo-HCT received one of two quizartinib dihydrochloride dose levels (DL): 40 mg/d (DL1; n = 7) and 60 mg/d (DL2; n = 6), administered orally in 28-day cycles for up to 24 cycles. Median age of participants was 43 years. All subjects received human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched allo-HCT. One subject treated at DL1 and 1 treated at DL2 had DLTs that required drug interruption (grade 3 gastric hemorrhage and grade 3 anemia, respectively). Ten subjects (77%) received quizartinib for >1 year; 5 (38%) completed 24 cycles. Four subjects (31%) discontinued quizartinib due to adverse events. One subject (8%) experienced relapse during cycle 1 and discontinued treatment. Most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (23%), anemia (15%), leukopenia (15%), lymphopenia (15%), and thrombocytopenia (15%). This study demonstrated acceptable tolerability and early evidence of reduced relapse rate following allo-HCT with quizartinib maintenance compared to historical cohorts. No MTD was identified, but 60 mg daily was selected as highest dose for continuous daily administration based on randomized comparison of daily 30 and 60 mg doses in relapsed/refractory AML.
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