OBJECTIVES: The study was done to prospectively measure the echocardiographic, hemodynamic and clinical outcomes after partial left ventriculectomy (PLV). BACKGROUND: Although PLV can improve symptoms of advanced heart failure, immediate postoperative echocardiographic findings remain abnormal. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with cardiomyopathy and advanced heart failure underwent PLV and concomitant mitral valve surgery between May 1996 and December 1997. Thirty-nine percent were on inotropic therapy. All were New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III or IV. Mechanical circulatory support (LVAD) and transplant were provided for rescue therapy when hemodynamic compromise occurred. Patients were followed for a mean of 405 ± 168 days, and clinical, echocardiographic and hemodynamic measures were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at 3 and 12 months prospectively. RESULTS: Comparing preoperative and 12-month postoperative values in event-free survivors, we found: NYHA functional class improved from 3.6 to 2.1, p <0.0001; peak oxygen consumption increased from 10.8 to 16.0 ml/kg/min, p <0.0001; LV ejection fraction increased from 13 ± 6.0% to 24 ± 6.9%, p <0.0001; LV end diastolic diameter decreased from 8.2 ± 1.03 to 6.2 ± 0.64 cm, p <0.0001, and volume was reduced from 167 ± 60 to 105 ± 38 ml/m 2, p = 0.02. Central hemodynamics did not normalize after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Partial left ventriculectomy can provide structural remodeling of the heart that may result in temporary improvement in clinical compensation. However, perioperative failures and the return of heart failure limit the propriety of this procedure. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine