Results of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 among gestational surrogacy candidates

Susan C. Klock*, Sharon N. Covington

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Abstract Objective To obtain normative data on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) personality test for gestational surrogate (GS) candidates. Methods A retrospective study was undertaken through chart review of all GS candidates assessed at Shady Grove Fertility Center, Rockville, MD, USA, between June 2007 and December 2009. Participants completed the MMPI-2 test during screening. MMPI-2 scores, demographic information, and screening outcome were retrieved. Results Among 153 included candidates, 132 (86.3%) were accepted to be a GS, 6 (3.9%) were ruled out because of medical reasons, and 15 (9.8%) were ruled out because of psychological reasons. The mean scores on each of the MMPI-2 scales were within the normal range. A score of more than 65 (the clinical cutoff) was recorded on the L scale for 46 (30.1%) candidates, on the K scale for 61 (39.9%), and on the S scale for 84 (54.9%). Women who were ruled out for psychological reasons had significantly higher mean scores on the validity scales F and L, and on clinical scale 8 than did women who were accepted (P < 0.05 for all). Conclusion Most GS candidates are well adjusted and free of psychopathology, but candidates tend to present themselves in an overly positive way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8337
Pages (from-to)257-260
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Gestational surrogacy
  • Infertility
  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)
  • Psychological testing
  • Surrogates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Results of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 among gestational surrogacy candidates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this