Resveratrol protects against oxidative injury induced by H2O2 in acute hippocampal slice preparations from Wistar rats

Lúcia Maria Vieira de Almeida, Marina Concli Leite, Ana Paula Thomazi, Cíntia Battu, Patrícia Nardin, Lucas Silva Tortorelli, Caroline Zanotto, Thaís Posser, Susana Tchernin Wofchuk, Rodrigo Bainy Leal, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves, Carmem Gottfried*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is a current interest in dietary compounds (such as trans-resveratrol) that can inhibit or reverse oxidative stress, the common pathway for a variety of brain disorders, including Alzheimer's disease and stroke. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of resveratrol, under conditions of oxidative stress induced by H2O2, on acute hippocampal slices from Wistar rats. Here, we evaluated cell viability, extracellular lactate, glutathione content, ERKMAPK activity, glutamate uptake and S100B secretion. Resveratrol did not change the decrease in lactate levels and in cell viability (by MTT assay) induced by 1 mM H2O2, but prevented the increase in cell permeability to Trypan blue induced by H2O2. Moreover, resveratrol per se increased total glutathione levels and prevented the decrease in glutathione induced by 1 mM H2O2. The reduction of S100B secretion induced by H2O2 was not changed by resveratrol. Glutamate uptake was decreased in the presence of 1 mM H2O2 and this effect was not prevented by resveratrol. There was also a significant activation of ERK1/2 by 1 mM H2O2 and resveratrol was able to completely prevent this activation, leading to activity values lower than control levels. The impairments in astrocyte activities, induced by H2O2, confirmed the importance of these cells as targets for therapeutic strategy in brain disorders involving oxidative stress. This study reinforces the protective role of resveratrol and indicates some possible molecular sites of activity of this compound on glial cells, in the acute damage of brain tissue during oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of biochemistry and biophysics
Volume480
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • Glutamate uptake
  • Glutathione
  • Resveratrol
  • S100B protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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