Reticular chemistry in the rational synthesis of functional zirconium cluster-based MOFs

Zhijie Chen, Sylvia L. Hanna, Louis R. Redfern, Dalal Alezi, Timur Islamoglu, Omar K. Farha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


In the past two decades, reticular chemistry has developed into a powerful tool for the design and synthesis of porous, crystalline framework materials. The discovery of the first hexanuclear, zirconium cluster-based MOF (i.e. UiO-66; fcu net) led to a vast library of functional Zr-MOFs with various properties. The versatile connectivity of zirconium hexanuclear clusters and the adaptable tunability of organic ligands have resulted in the rational synthesis of a large set of Zr-MOFs based on edge-transitive nets; these nets commonly exists in crystalline network structures as suggested by reticular chemistry. In this review, we summarize recent advances in the synthesis of zirconium cluster-based MOFs in the light of reticular chemistry design principles. Isoreticular tuning of MOF parent structures and post-synthetic modification of Zr-MOFs for targeted applications are also deliberated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-49
Number of pages18
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
StatePublished - May 1 2019


  • Reticular chemistry
  • Zr-MOFs
  • edge-transitive nets
  • gas storage and separation
  • porous materials
  • post-synthetic modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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