Retinal Vessel Density and Treatment Intensity among Adults with Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

Brian T. Cheng, Shubhendu Mishra, John M. Bryan, Saena A. Sadiq, Nathan C. Sklar, Emily G. Suen, Taha O. Mohammed, Rukhsana G. Mirza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is associated with changes in vessel density visible on swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (ss-OCTA). This study aimed to characterize retinal changes on ss-OCTA among RVO patients stratified by the need for continuous anti-VEGF therapy. This cross-sectional study of 24 RVO patients ≥ 18 years were imaged with SS-OCT-A. Patients were categorized into continuous vs. limited therapy (≥1 vs. no injections in previous 12 months) based on recurrence of intraretinal fluid (IRF) on OCT. Images were analyzed using ImageJ. T-tests were used to compare vessel density of the macula and peripheral retina. Overall, RVO patients undergoing continuous therapy (n = 14) had higher diabetes prevalence, worse baseline visual acuity, and higher baseline macular thickness compared to the limited (n = 10) therapy group. Continuous therapy was associated with lower macular VD in the combined retina layer and the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), but not in the deep capillary plexus (DCP). Further, the continuous therapy group exhibited lower peripheral VD in the combined retina layer, and no difference in the SCP and DCP layers when analyzed separately. In conclusion, RVO patients requiring continuous anti-VEGF injections demonstrate reduced VD of the macula and in the periphery on SS-OCTA imaging. SS-OCTA may be valuable for monitoring and prognosticating treatment for RVO patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2892
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Keywords

  • imaging
  • optical coherence tomography angiography
  • retinal vein occlusion
  • treatment response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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