Revealing high-temperature reduction dynamics of high-entropy alloy nanoparticles via in situ transmission electron microscopy

Boao Song, Yong Yang, Timothy T. Yang, Kun He, Xiaobing Hu, Yifei Yuan, Vinayak P. Dravid, Michael R. Zachariah*, Wissam A. Saidi, Yuzi Liu, Reza Shahbazian-Yassar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding the behavior of high-entropy alloy (HEA) materials under hydrogen (H2) environment is of utmost importance for their promising applications in structural materials, catalysis, and energy-related reactions. Herein, the reduction behavior of oxidized FeCoNiCuPt HEA nanoparticles (NPs) in atmospheric pressure H2 environment was investigated by in situ gas-cell transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The reduction reaction front was maintained at the external surface of the oxide. During reduction, the oxide layer expanded and transformed into porous structures where oxidized Cu was fully reduced to Cu NPs while Fe, Co, and Ni remained in the oxidized form. In situ chemical analysis showed that the expansion of the oxide layer resulted from the outward diffusion flux of all transition metals (Fe, Co, Ni, Cu). Revealing the H2 reduction behavior of HEA NPs facilitates the development of advanced multicomponent alloys for applications targeting H2 formation and storage, catalytic hydrogenation, and corrosion removal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1742-1748
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 24 2021

Keywords

  • High-entropy alloys
  • In situ TEM
  • Nanoparticles
  • Phase segregation
  • Reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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