Reversible switching of magnetism in thiolate-protected Au 25 superatoms

Manzhou Zhu*, Christine M. Aikens, Michael P. Hendrich, Rupal Gupta, Huifeng Qian, George C. Schatz, Rongchao Jin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

398 Scopus citations


We report reversible switching of paramagnetism in a well-defined gold nanoparticle system consisting of atomically monodisperse nanoparticles containing 25 gold atoms protected by 18 thiolates [abbreviated as Au25(SR) 18]. The magnetism in these nanoparticles can be switched on or off by precisely controlling the charge state of the nanoparticle, that is, the magnetic state of the Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticles is charge-neutral while the nonmagnetic state is an anionic form of the particle. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy measurements establish that the magnetic state of the Au25(SR)18 nanoparticles possess one unpaired spin per particle. EPR studies also imply an unusual electronic structure of the Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticle. Density functional theory calculations coupled with the experiments successfully explain the origin of the observed magnetism in a Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticle as arising from one unpaired spin having distinct P-like character and delocalized among the icosahedral Au13 core of the particle in the highest occupied molecular orbital. The results suggest that the Au25(SR) 18 nanoparticles are best considered as ligand-protected superatoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2490-2492
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 25 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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