Review of biomaterials in total knee arthroplasty

P. Jayabalan, B. Sonny Bal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Important advancements have come over the past 15 years in our knowledge of the fabrication of total knee implants, resulting in optimistic projections of the long-term results from total knee arthroplasty. At present, one of the principal reasons for failure of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is wear the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (PE) insert. Attempts to alleviate this problem have focused on highly on improved biomaterials such as highly cross-linked PE, ceramic materials, and alternative metals such as tantalum. The authors review recent developments in the field of biomaterials as applied to total TKA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-252
Number of pages12
JournalMinerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica
Volume59
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty, replacement, knee
  • Biocompatible materials
  • Ceramics
  • Polyethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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