Revisiting Short-term Outcomes of Conventional and Computer-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Population-based Study

Abdalrahman G. Ahmed, Yao Tian, Mohamed Hasan, Alexandra Harris, Hassan M.K. Ghomrawi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Population-based studies showing the advantage of computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty (CATKA) over conventional total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are outdated. More recent institution-based studies with relatively small sample sizes may hinder wider adoption. This cohort-based study aimed to compare postoperative CATKA and TKA in-hospital complications and 90-day all-cause readmissions using 2017-2018 data.Methods:Patients who underwent a primary unilateral CATKA or TKA were identified in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database. In-hospital complications were defined based on the 2020 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services total hip arthroplasty and TKA complications measure. Ninety-day readmissions were identified using unique patient identifiers. Logistic regression with a generalized estimating equation was used to assess associations of computer assistance with in-hospital complications and 90-day all-cause readmissions.Results:A total of 80,468 TKAs were identified during the study period, of which 7,395 (9.2%) were CATKAs. Significantly fewer complications occurred among patients who had CATKAs compared with conventional TKAs (0.4% of total CATKAs vs 2.6% of total conventional TKAs, P < 0.001); patients who had CATKAs had fewer 90-day all-cause readmissions compared with those who underwent TKAs (363 vs 4,169 revisits, P < 0.01). Computer assistance was associated with significantly lower odds of in-hospital complications (odds ratio, 0.15, 95% confidence interval, 0.09 to 0.24; P < 0.05) but not 90-day all-cause readmissions.Conclusion:Patients undergoing CATKAs had markedly lower odds of in-hospital complications, compared with patients having TKAs, which has implications for both patient outcomes and hospital reimbursement. These more recent cohort-based findings encourage wider CATKA adoption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere22.00089
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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